The main goal of this subproject is to examine systematic dependencies between social justice in metropolitan regions and aspects of their infrastructure and built environment. .
- Harmonized databases for the three study areas of high-resolution spatially disaggregated secondary data will be developed. In particular this will cover: residential and workplace population; locations of urban amenities and services; origin-destination matrices for commuting; travel survey data; cost of land and housing; transport networks and services. We have identified the main public and organisational sources for these data. Where insufficient data is available, imputation and disaggregation techniques will be applied.
- Review of urban system concepts and integration/ Review existing urban system concepts and operational models (Echenique et al., 2013, Felsenstein et al., 2010) to investigate the role of the built environment (urban form, built density, population density, transport infrastructure), household needs and preferences, and land and housing markets in delivering social outcomes including social justice. A core of concepts and functionality will be established that integrates the dynamics of accessibility and vehicular emission exposure identified in the other Sub Projects.
- Comparative analysis on social justice in land and housing distribution. This task applies the concepts and operational model developed in Task 1 calibrated and validated on the collected secondary data to investigate how land and housing dynamics relate to current measures of social justice in the three study areas. The comparison will account for the specific socio-economic context and the built environment.
- Impacts of TOD urban dynamics and social justice. This task takes input from stakeholders to develop TOD based scenarios for São Paulo and use the calibrated and validated of model to investigate the expected outcomes of the plans when accounting for urban system dynamics.